Australian Facts, Activities and Printable Map for Kids!

Australian Facts, Activities and Printable Map for Kids!

By Babysits
7 min read

Whip out the sunscreen, grab your esky, and slap on a pair of sunnies - we’re headed Down Under for some Australian fun!

Map of Australia for Kids

Australia is one of the largest countries in the world, and the only country which covers an entire continent! Take a look at this map of Australia to see its animals, landmarks, states & territories.

map of Australia for Kids

Fun Facts about Australia

There are plenty of fun facts to learn about Australia. For example, did you know that Australia is the only country in the world to cover an entire continent? How cool is that? Read on for more!

How many states in Australia?

Australia is divided into six states and two territories. Australia’s states are Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Australia’s territories include the ACT (Australian Capital Territory) and the Northern Territory.

Can you label the Australian states and territories? Print out our map of Australian states and put your geography knowledge to the test!

map of Australia States

Size of Australia

How big is Australia?

The total land area covering the entire continent of Australia measures 7.692 million km². Crikey, that’s a big island!

Australian Flag

What does the Australian Flag represent?

The Australian flag is made up of three main elements: the Union Jack, the Southern Cross and the Commonwealth (or Federation) Star.

The Union Jack represents British settlement in Australia, while the Commonwealth star with its seven points represents the unity of the states and territories that make up Australia (6 points represent Australia states while the remaining point represents Australia’s territories). The Southern Cross is a constellation of five stars that can only be seen from the southern hemisphere and is a reminder of Australia’s geography.

Print out our Australian Flag and see if you can colour the flag in its correct colours!

Australian flag

Australian Aboriginal Flag

What does the Australian Aboriginal Flag represent?

The Australian Aboriginal Flag is a very important flag representing the Aboriginal people of Australia. The flag is divided in halves, with the top being black and the bottom red. There is a yellow circle in the centre of the flag. As stated by Harold Thomas, the black represents the Aboriginal people of Australia, the yellow represents the sun, and the red represents the red arid earth of Australia.

Print out our Australian Aboriginal Flag and see if you can colour the flag in its correct colours!

Aboriginal Flag Australia

Australia Day Facts

Australia day is the official national day of Australia. On the 26th of January every year, Australians celebrate the anniversary of the 1788 arrival of the First Fleet of British ships at Port Jackson, New South Wales. The day also commemorates the raising of the flag of Great Britain by Governor Arthur Phillip at Sydney Cove.

Uluru Facts for Kids

Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock, is a MASSIVE rock jutting out of the Earth's surface in the dry and arid desert of central Australia. It's grandiose size and awe-inspiring features have fed imaginations and inspired Aboriginal dreamtime stories for millena. How cool is that?

Uluru at sunset

  • Geologists think Uluru is about 500 million years old. Yes, you read that correctly! Uluru is probably as old as the Australian continent itself.

  • Uluru changes colour, depending on how the sun shines on it! At dawn and dusk, the rock will look red. During the day, it usually looks brown.

  • Uluru is very big. In fact, the big rock stands 348 metres above the surrounding desert ground and 863 metres above sea level!

  • Uluru is right in the heart of Australia's big red desert. The nearest city to Uluru is Alice Springs, about 450 kms (or a 5 hour drive) away!

  • Uluru is a sacred and spiritual place to the traditional indigenous owners of Uluru, the Anangu (pronounced arn-ung-oo) people. Uluru has inspired dreamtime stories for thousands of years and is seen as the resting place for ancient spirits.

Australian Animals Colouring-in Page

What's your favourite Australian animal? Australia is home to many iconic species that cannot be found anywhere else on the planet!

map of Australia States

Koala Facts for Kids

Koalas aren't just adorable, they're super interesting too! Read on to discover fascinating facts about koalas:

  • Although they're often called "koala bears", koals are marsupials and so they're not related to bears!

  • Koalas are noctural animals. This means that they're mostly active at night.

  • Koalas typically live for 10-15 years but they are not allowed to be kept as pets.

  • Koalas have similar fingerprints to humans. How bizarre is that?

  • Koalas will rarely be seen drinking water because they typically get all the water they need by eating eucalyptus leaves. They can only be spotted drinking water on unusually hot days or during a drought. The name "koala" comes from the Aboriginal people of Australia and translates to "no drink".

  • Eucalyptus leaves are poisonous to humans. Luckily for the koala, their long digestive organ (called a cecum) allows them to break down the leaves without harm.

  • Beware! Koalas might look cute and harmless but they have very sharp claws. Their claws help them climb up trees.

koala in a tree

Kangaroo Facts for Kids

Kangaroos are perhaps Australia's most recognisable animal! Read on to learn all about these fascinating mammals:

  • Kangaroos belong to the Macropodidae family, which literally means 'big foot'! With their big, strong feet, kangaroos can reach up to 9 metres in a single jump! They can also travel as fast as 56km/hr.

  • The kangaroo's strong, long tail helps them keep their balance.

  • Kangaroos can grow to be more than 2 metres tall!

  • When threatened, kangaroos will stamp the ground with their big feet to alert other kangaroos.

  • While they might be adorble, kangaroos aren't to be messed with! Their strong legs and arms mean they can give powerful blows and have even been known to bite.

  • Female kangaroos have a pouch which they use to carry their babies, called joeys. Newborn joeys are very small - measuring only 2.5 centimetres.

kangaroo on the beach

Did you enjoy our facts about Australia? Take a look at our other facts about the UK, Canada, Ireland, and Singapore! Or take a look at our other activities for kids! Feeling crafty? Take a look at our fun crafts for kids, too!

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